Magnetic Nanomaterials for Extracellular Vesicles
In the past decade, scientists in fields of biology, material science, and bioengineering have witnessed a surge of interest in extracellular vesicle-based diagnostic and therapeutic applications. There has also been a strong push for translating extracellular vesicles into clinical treatment of diseases recently, as evidenced by many clinical trials. To facilitate the isolation, capturing, analysis, delivery, monitoring, and imaging of extracellular vesicles for biomedical applications, magnetic nanomaterials have already played significant roles, with over 300 published articles on this topic. Despite a continuous surge of research activity in this field, a comprehensive review covering magnetic nanomaterial-based detection, delivery, and engineering of extracellular vesicles for biomedical applications is lacking.