Chemistry Lecture Demonstration Facility - Demos

Vapor Pressure - Boiling Water Without Heat

Brief Description:

Boiling Water at Reduced Pressure

Purpose/Goal:

Pressure's effect on the boiling point of a liquid

Explanation of Experiment:

The boiling point of a liquid is defined as the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid is equal to the external pressure. When the pressure above a liquid is reduced, the vapor pressure needed to induce boiling is also reduced, and the boiling point of the liquid decreases. At 250 C, water boils at an external pressure of 24 mmHg. As the water boils, heat is lost due to the heat of vaporization of water, which is 40.88 kJ/mol. Eventually, the water may cool to a temperature at which the vapor pressure is less than the external pressure provided by the pump, at which point the water will stop boiling.

Video:

Tags:

Contact

Bob Porcja
porcja@chem.rutgers.edu
848-445-5157

Location

Beck Hall Auditorium
99 Avenue E
Piscataway, NJ 08854

The CLD Facility is located in the prep room adjacent to the Beck Hall Auditorium (map).

CLD Facility